From the generally knowledge, we know that birth control can be a way to control pregnancy.
Does the control now mean a way to terminate pregnancy? Or on the other hand, can we call birth control pill as a pill use for family planning?
This article will help out on the above question.
What is Birth Control Pill?
Birth control pill , also known as pill is a daily pill use by the female gender, that contains hormones (hormones are chemical substance that control the functioning of the body’s organs) to change the way the body works and to prevent pregnancy.
The hormones in birth control pill control the ovaries and the uterus in the body.
The release of unfertilized egg in form of blood monthly is known as monthly cycle for the women, which implies that a woman cannot get pregnant if she doesn’t ovulate because there is no egg to be fertilized.
Most birth control pills are combination pills containing the mix of hormones like estrogen and progesterone, just to prevent ovulation, which in turn prevent pregnancy.
Birth control pill can also works by thinking the mucus around the cervix, which makes it difficult for sperm to enter the uterus and reach the eggs that may have been released.
These hormones can also sometimes affect the lining of the uterus, making it difficult for an egg to attach to the wall of the uterus, all with the aim to prevent pregnancy.
Side Effect of Birth Control Pill?
Many of women who use the birth control pill, only knows that this pill prevent or avoid pregnancy after sex, not knowing there are side effect their actions, which is negative to their health.
All forms of birth control pill can cause a range of side effect. Most are mild and may resolve after the first two to three months of taking the pill. However, the risk of side effect of birth control pill will be discussed below.
- Vaginal Discharge
Changes in virginal discharge may occur when taking the pill. This may be an increase or decrease in vaginal lubrication, or a change in the nature of the discharge.
If there is dryness in the vaginal, added lubrication can be done to make sex more comfortable.
These changes are not really harmful, but advisable to visit the doctor for medical provider when such changes occur.
Birth control pills can alternate (increase or decrease) the libido, the hormone in the pill can affect the libido which is also known as sex drive.
If there is decrease in libido and it persists, it should be discuss with a medical personnel.
According to research, it can increases libido, for example, by removing concerns about pregnancy and reducing the painful symptoms of menstrual cramping.
- Menstruation Abnormality
Even when proper pill is use, menstruation may sometimes be missed. Factors include stress, illness, travel and hormonal abnormality.
If this happen while using the pills, it is advisable a pregnancy is carried out before starting another pack.
Other side effect includes:
- Breast tenderness
- Feeling dizzy
- Mood swings
- Weight gain
- Blood pressure above usual range.
In addition, the pills should not be taken by:
- Women who are pregnant
- Smoker over the age of 35 years, or anyone who stopped smoking within the last year and is over 35 years
- Anyone with obesity
- Those who are taking certain medications
- Anyone with blood clot before the age of 45 years
- Breast cancer patients
- Anyone with disease of the liver or gallbladder
- Anyone with diabetes for the last 20 years or those with complication.
If you are having hard times adjusting to the pills or you have side effects for the last three months or more,
it is better you talk to your doctor, they might suggest another method suitable for you.
However, if you decide to stop taking the pill, make sure you have a backup method of birth control, such as condom, to avoid unwanted pregnancy.